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Cabbage and Broccoli


Cold knowledge of Cabbage: The common one is the easiest to ignore

After understanding, can't help but sigh, the cabbage family is a very large family. In this family, there are not only the highly ornamental cabbage vegetables, but also a great many varieties of cabbage appear in our lives in different images, adding a variety of colors to our dining table. Perhaps after we learn more about cabbage, there will be more interesting cold knowledge that will surprise us.

Cabbage originated from the Mediterranean coast and was introduced to China in the 16th century. 

Cabbage has the characteristics of cold tolerance, disease resistance, strong adaptability, easy storage and transportability, high yield and good quality. 

It is widely cultivated throughout Asia and is one of the main vegetables in spring, summer and autumn in Northeast, Northwest, and North China, and India.


Cabbage has a variety of effects and functions

Cabbage contains a variety of effects and functions. Cabbage can nourish blood and nourish the blood, regulate the intestines and stomach, improve immunity, enhance memory, prevent cancer, treat constipation, appetite, digestion, and anti-aging. 

In addition to the various effects and functions of cabbage, various cold knowledge of cabbage is also very interesting. 

What cold knowledge is hidden in the big cabbage family?

A vegetable that looks like a flower-kale

Among the cabbage vegetables, there is a variety of cabbage that is very ornamental, and it is called kale. Kale is an important material for winter flower beds in East China. 

Cabbage and Broccoli

It has a long viewing period and extremely bright leaf colors. It is commonly used in parks, streets, and flower beds to border and compose various beautiful patterns. It is used to arrange flower beds and has a high viewing effect. 

Its leaf colors are diverse, ranging from light red, purple, white, yellow, etc., which are good products for potted foliage viewing. 

At present, Europe, America and Japan use some ornamental kale varieties for fresh cut flower sales.

How are the Leaves of Cabbage?

The leaves of kale are beautiful and varied, and the heart leaves are as colorful as flowers. The whole plant resembles a blooming peony, which people vividly call it "leaf peony." 

Because of its preference for cold weather, it is more resistant to cold, and can endure many short frosts. 

In winter and early spring when the flowers are withered, it is a rare and excellent material for arranging open-field flower beds, flower stands and potted plants.


Although kale is used as a vegetable, it has a profound humanistic connotation. Judging from the name, we can know that people have longed for a beautiful humanistic meaning. 

The word "Feather" in its Chinese name is taken from the classic and gorgeous song "Neon Feather Clothes" in ancient my country, and the original meaning of "Feather" is also the feathers of beautiful birds. 

All these evidences are sufficient to prove that the kale is in the viewing value is not cheap.


Flower language is the most concentrated embodiment of the humanistic meaning of kale. Neighboring Japan, which is deeply influenced by my country's traditional culture, has a gorgeous and rich concept for the peony flower. When kale was "cultivated" in Japan, it had names such as "peony" and "leaf peony". Therefore, the flower language of kale is "beautiful". In addition, because the layers of kale's leaves are layered and rich and three-dimensional, like endless blessings, it also has the symbolic meaning of "wish, good luck".


Among the kale, there is a kind of colorful leaf that is very magical, it can change many colors in one day. The magnificence of the colorful leaf variety of kale is no longer used for food, but is mainly used for greening and viewing. Its plant is exquisite and its leaves are stretched. Because the various pigments in the leaf cells are very sensitive to temperature, it can even be used within a day.

The color changes at all levels, the visual impact is shocking, and after cut flowers, flower arrangements, and dehydrated processing into dried flowers. 

Its unique and graceful posture has attracted romantic people to have different reveries about it, and artists also Gives kale ample humanistic emotions.


Of course, kale is not only a very high ornamental value, but its edible and nutritional value is also high, and it is the best vegetable for the human body. The edible part of kale is the wrinkled young leaves. 

The leaves can be continuously stripped from a plant and new young leaves are constantly produced. The young leaves of kale can be eaten in many ways. They can be fried or fried. Vegetarian stir-fry, can also be pickled with seasonings such as sweet and sour.


It is often used to make salads in western food. The main food is green leaf kale, which is a kind of green leafy vegetable with comprehensive nutrition. 

Its vitamin C, carotene, mineral elements, iron, calcium, and potassium content are more than three times that of ordinary cabbage. 

It is used to treat night blindness in children and supplement calcium Vegetables are preferred. Its low calorie content makes it an ideal food for bodybuilding and weight loss.


Isn’t it amazing, a vegetable with very high nutritional value also shows the charm like a flower, and has been given a very deep humanistic connotation.


Broccoli and cauliflower are all kale

When talking about cabbage, everyone thinks of cabbage and cabbage. Because cabbage and cabbage are common names for kale.

However, what few people know is that broccoli and cauliflower are actually cabbage vegetables. Among them, broccoli is the most common vegetable in our daily life. It is recognized by people as a longevity health-care dish, and is called "the poor man's doctor" in the West. 

Broccoli, commonly known as broccoli. Originated in Italy, it is a common vegetable. Commonly known as green cauliflower, also known as broccoli.


The biennial herb is a variety of cabbage. The leaves are large, and the top of the main stem forms a hypertrophic flower ball, green or purple-green, the small flower buds on the surface are not densely packed, and the top of the side branch has small flower balls.

What is Broccoli is a variety of?

Broccoli is a variety of Brassica oleracea in the cruciferous family that uses green curd as a product. Like other cabbage varieties, it originated in Italy along the Mediterranean coast of Europe and was introduced to China at the end of the 19th century.


Cauliflower, also known as cauliflower, cauliflower or broccoli, is an annual plant of the cruciferous Brassica genus, also known as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, broccoli, and broccoli. 

It is native to the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea and was introduced to China around the beginning of the 19th century. Cauliflower is a very popular vegetable with delicious taste, high nutrition and high medicinal value.


Vitamin C content is very rich, but also has anti-cancer effects, the average nutritional value and disease prevention effects far exceed other vegetables. 

Compared with cabbage, the root system of cauliflower is not very developed, its growth is not as strong as cabbage, and the distribution is shallower, but it is still a kind of cabbage vegetable.

After understanding, I can't help but sigh, the cabbage family is a very large family. 

In this family, there are not only the highly ornamental cabbage vegetables, but also a great many varieties of cabbage appear in our lives in different images, adding a variety of colors to our dining table. 

Perhaps after we learn more about cabbage, there will be more interesting cold knowledge that will surprise us.

Exclusively belong to the efficacy of cabbage

In addition to tryptophan, cabbage is also rich in minerals and trace elements. Potassium in the body can regulate the content of water in the body, excrete toxic substances and metabolic waste from the body, and metabolize excess water in the interstitial spaces. 

The large amount of magnesium contained in it can not only invigorate the brain, but also improve people's physical fitness and energy.

Cabbage originated from the Mediterranean coast and was first cultivated in various parts of our country. 

It is rich in vitamin C, vitamin B1, folic acid and potassium, and also rich in vitamin U, which has a good therapeutic effect on gastric ulcers. 

Food can replenish bone marrow, moisturize internal organs, benefit heart, strengthen bones and muscles, and sharpen organs. 

From this we can see that cabbage has very high nutritional value and medicinal value, so how much do we know about these effects and functions of cabbage?

Cabbage is rich in phytochemicals

The reason why cabbage can fight cancer is that cabbage contains a lot of phytochemicals, which can prevent the spread of cancer cells. In addition, the phytochemicals in cabbage can also be a good antioxidant and can reduce toxins in people's bodies. So what kind of substance is phytochemical?

That is the role of phytochemicals under popular science: reducing the content of human cholesterol, preventing memory loss, preventing night blindness, and so on. Phytochemicals are natural chemical substances found in plants such as fruits and vegetables. They can help the plants themselves fight against filtering viruses, bacteria and fungi, and they generally play anti-oxidant and immune system functions in the human body.

The human body cannot make them, and they must be ingested through food. In fact, phytochemicals are not essential nutrients for the human body to survive, but they will bring many benefits to the body. 

Studies have shown that a certain type of phytochemicals can prevent specific diseases. 

For example, intake of phytochemicals in cabbage can Fight cancer. The "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" mentions that "Brassica oleracea is a kind of healthy vegetables, containing various protective compounds, which are effective in preventing cancer and heart disease."

In the past, phytochemicals were not nutrients defined by nutritionists. They were neither minerals nor vitamins. Because of lack of them, they would not cause specific diseases and would not affect the functioning of the body. 

However, in recent years, scientists have discovered that these phytochemicals can not only resist oxidation and eliminate free radicals, but also assist other vitamins to exert effective physiological functions. 

They also make these phytochemicals, which were not regarded as important sources, become the most popular source of nutrition today, and their worth can be said to be extraordinary. .

It can be seen from this that phytochemicals can be said to be an indispensable energy for our health. Phytochemicals exist in the epidermis, pits, and seeds. 

Generally speaking, phytochemicals are mostly found under the fibers of the epidermis of plants, under the skin of fruit stalks, under the skin of vegetable stems, and inside seeds. These parts may be discarded by us.

Take cabbage as an example, we all think that cabbage's nutrition is in the leaves, so when cooking, we cut off the thickest stems, but it has anti-cancer ingredients and can enhance immunity and self-healing ability. 

Vegetarian, but mostly in the thickest vegetable stem skin. Knowing the truth, you know that we have actually discarded a lot of essence over the years. What a pity!

Experts mentioned that “people should eat 3 kinds of vegetables and 2 kinds of fruits every day. The servings should be 300 grams of vegetables and 200 grams of fruits. 

However, the intake of vegetables and fruits by the Chinese people does not meet the recommended standards of the Chinese Nutrition Society. The intake is even more inadequate." 

However, people should eat them to take in the nutrients-phytochemicals. This shows how important it is to take in the phytochemicals in cabbage.

Finnish researchers also found that drinking a cup of yogurt while eating cabbage can prevent and treat tumors. Because the phytochemicals in cabbage have an inhibitory effect on tumor cells after fermentation. 

Sisters of cabbage vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage also contain this plant chemical.

Kale is rich in various vitamins

Cabbage is a vegetable that contains many vitamins. Because cabbage contains more vitamins, cabbage has the function of maintaining health and strengthening the immune system. .

The amount of vitamin C contained in 200 grams of cabbage is twice that of a citrus. 

In addition, this vegetable can also provide the human body with a certain amount of important antioxidants: vitamin E and vitamin A precursor substances (β-carrot), these antioxidant components can protect the body from free radical damage, and can have Contribute to the renewal of cells.

Among the various vitamins contained in cabbage, sulfur has an indispensable contribution. Cabbage is rich in sulfur. The main function of this element is to kill insects and relieve itching. 

It has a certain effect on various skin itching, eczema and other diseases. Therefore, regular consumption of this kind of vegetables is very beneficial for maintaining skin health. 

Sulfur is an important element of protein in the human body, and it is of great significance to human life activities.

In medical treatment, sulfur has the effects and functions of detoxification, killing insects, replenishing fire and assisting yang. 

It has a good therapeutic effect on the symptoms of scabies, yin gangrene, malignant sores, impotence, asthma, diarrhea and other symptoms. 

The "Chinese Medical Manual" records that "Sulfur can be made into pills after being adjusted with Huangla, and oral administration has a significant effect on the treatment of diarrhea." 

Sulfur is effective for many bacterial diseases, pathogenic bacteria infection of ringworm syndrome, and skin diseases of the body. 

It can be used externally, locally combined with sesame oil to adjust the application, and the local treatment has a good therapeutic effect on tinea, scabies, fungal infections and other diseases.

Cabbage is rich in Tryptophan

In addition, cabbage is also very rich in tryptophan. Tryptophan is the precursor of the human body's important neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine and one of the essential amino acids of the human body. 

Tryptophan can be used in nutritional supplements for pregnant women, special milk powder for infants and young children, and pellagra. 

The "Chinese Medical Dictionary" records that "tryptophan is a tranquilizer that can regulate mental rhythm and improve sleep." It can be seen that eating some cabbage often has a good health effect on our body.

In addition to tryptophan, cabbage is also rich in minerals and trace elements. 

Potassium in the body can regulate the content of water in the body, excrete toxic substances and metabolic waste from the body, and metabolize excess water in the interstitial spaces.

Cabbage contains large amount of magnesium

Cabbage contains a large amount of magnesium, which can not only invigorate the brain, but also improve one’s physical fitness and energy; the iron in it can increase the oxygen content in the blood and help the body burn fat, which is great for weight loss. Helpful.

What are the benefits of eating Cabbage?

It can be seen from this that anyone who regularly eats cabbage vegetables can easily meet the body's needs for various vitamins. 

The large amount of vitamins contained in this kind of vegetables can make a certain contribution to human health. 

In daily life, we might as well take in more nutritious vegetables like cabbage, which may bring us unexpected surprises.

The extraordinary history of ordinary cabbage


They had a good harvest this year, and these cabbage allowed Aru and his villagers to live a happy and prosperous life! After another year, the cabbage was overgrown in the ground, and Aru's sedan chair made of cabbage went to the Yueche River and married the girl in the door. From then on, they lived a happy life together.

The various varieties of cabbage originated from the Mediterranean to the North Sea coast. It was cultivated by ancient Rome and ancient Greeks as early as 4000-4500 years ago. It is commonly known as "Kohlrabi" in Northeast China and "Lianhuabai" in Yunnan. Cabbage is cultivated throughout China for use as vegetables and feed. The thick juice of the leaves is used to treat gastric and duodenal ulcers. As one of the most important vegetables in China, cabbage must also have a very long human history. What role does cabbage play in this history of Chinese vegetables?


The origin and development of cabbage philosophy

Cabbage originated from the Mediterranean to the coast of the Northwest Sea, and the results of the identification of cabbage genotypes by researchers showed that they were most likely to come from a wild weed or a compound hybrid of wild relatives. 

The indirect evidence is that the four wild species complexes related to it grow together on the cliffs of the Mediterranean coast, and there is no species gap in the biological world: geographic isolation and reproductive isolation.


According to scholars’ research and textual research on historical documents, as early as four thousand to four thousand five hundred years ago, the ancestors of European civilized countries, ancient Rome and ancient Greece, had already begun to cultivate the ancestors of cabbage. 

They have not yet discovered their ornamental value, cabbage rapeseeds have continued their most essential and ancient use-being cooked into delicacies. 

In today's Europe, there are still large areas of wild cabbage growing on the rocky grass beach exposed by the barren and cold Cretaceous sedimentary strata.


There are still big differences in the research on cabbage. Some scientists believe that some cabbage in the modern sense are very "young" species. They were cultivated by the Greeks in the process of cultivating other cabbage in about 600 BC. 

It was domesticated and then differentiated into different varieties under the "baking" of time. 

For example, in the 14th century, Britain bred red and white cabbage from cabbage, and in 1543, Italy developed the "savoy cabbage". Even the current French cauliflower is a variant derived from cabbage in 1576.

 Another group of scientists put forward a completely different view from the former. 

They believe that cabbage, like other ancient plants, lived side by side for four thousand years. 

By four hundred BC, round leaves and wrinkled leaves were differentiated from ancient Greece. 

The cabbage; in the fourth century AD, that is, during the Southern and Northern Dynasties of our country, cabbage was first introduced to the great eastern country-China. There are strong theories and data behind both theories, and further discussion is needed on the facts.


After the origin, the development of cabbage has traces to follow. It spread to Japan along with cultural exchanges soon after it was on the Chinese table. In Japan, where the horticultural civilization is relatively developed, the ornamental characteristics of some cabbage varieties have been improved and developed, and many new ornamental varieties have been obtained. 

In the seventeenth century, they became the core plants with a pivotal position in Japanese gardens. Starting in 1936, these ornamental cabbages were no longer niche experimental products, but entered the mass market.


The romance of cabbage

Like most other legendary plants, cabbage also has its own romantic story. According to legend, a long time ago, a beautiful girl lived alone in a small house on the top of the mountain. 

She never left near the top of the mountain. Until one day, a handsome and injured hunter knocked on the door of the small house by mistake. 

Ask for the girl's help. The kind girl took care of the wounded hunter day and night, and the two gradually became excited for each other while getting along day and night.


The young hunter quickly recovered his health, but he did not want to leave. The girl was also reluctant to bear it, but in fact, the girl was a fairy, and her love with mortals could not be hidden from the eyes and ears of the people who guarded the order in the heavenly court.

 Upon knowing this, they immediately sent someone to take the girl back. The two were reluctant to leave. The girl threw her gauze to the hunter in tears, but unexpectedly the hunter failed to receive it. 

The gauze covered the open space in front of them and suddenly beautiful cabbage grew. 

As a healthy superfood, cabbage now shines with a unique brilliance in the history of human dietary development.


The legend of cabbage among ethnic minorities

Legend has it that a long, long time ago, there was a handsome and brave Yi descendant Alu from Yuexi who made a living by chopping wood. 

When Alu passes by the small river beside the village, he can often see a young and beautiful girl wading by the Yueshang River. Aru would secretly look at the girl every time.


One day, Aru returned from cutting firewood, and suddenly saw the girl fall into the river. 

Aru recklessly jumped into the rapids and rescued the girl. In order to repay Aru's life-saving grace, the girl is willing to accept her personally. Alu politely declined the girl considering that the family was poor.


The girl could only tell the truth: It turned out that she was originally a fairy in the heavenly palace, but because she was nostalgic for the beauty of the world, she secretly went down to earth. 

Seeing Aru's hard work and kindness, he fell in love with Aru. Because I wanted to marry Aru, I staged such a scene of a girl falling into the water.


Alu was even more reluctant to know that the girl was originally a fairy in the sky, because he didn't want the girl to starve and suffer poverty with him.


Seeing that Aru's attitude was very firm, the girl returned to the heavenly palace. 

A few days later, Aru passed by the Yueshui River and saw that the girl was not there. He thought he would never see each other again, and was very disappointed!


One day, Aru passed by the Yueshou River again. Suddenly he heard someone calling him, and he looked back and saw that it was a girl. She is back again! Aru happily ran to the girl and asked why she came back again?


It turned out that the girl didn't really want to leave that day, he just wanted to go back to the palace to get something to help Aru. 

The things the girl took were the stars in the sky. She asked Aru to plant the stars in the soil, and told Aru to wait for the coming year to fill the land with a vegetable called cabbage. 

When people live a happy and prosperous life, they will go to the river to find her.

One day in the spring of the following year, Aru got up early in the morning and prepared to go to the mountains to chop wood as usual. As soon as he left the house, he was startled by the mountains and plains of cabbage. That's great, Aru couldn't help but marvel!


They had a good harvest this year, and these cabbage allowed Aru and his villagers to live a happy and prosperous life! 

After another year, the cabbage was overgrown in the ground, and Aru's sedan chair made of cabbage went to the Yueche River and married the girl in the door. From then on, they lived a happy life together.


It can be seen that cabbage has a long history of utilization and planting. Some wild cabbage was used in Southeast Europe more than four thousand years ago. Today, four thousand years later, cabbage still shines with its unique light in humans. The history of meals shines brightly.



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