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Viral Gastroenteritis Diarrhea Rotavirus Causes Treatment and Manifestations

Causes Treatment and Manifestations of Viral Gastroenteritis Diarrhea

Viral gastroenteritis, also known as viral diarrhea, is a group of acute intestinal infectious diseases caused by a variety of viruses. Clinical features include acute onset, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, drainage or loose stools, fever and general discomfort, short course of disease and low mortality. The clinical manifestations of gastroenteritis caused by various viruses are basically similar. There are many types of viruses associated with acute gastroenteritis, of which the more important and more researched is Rotavirus.

Nickname:    Viral diarrhea

English name:    Viral gastroenteritis

Visiting department:    Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases

Common locations:    Digestive tract

Common causes:    Virus infection

Common symptoms:    Urgent onset, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, drainage, loose stools, fever, etc.

Contagious:    Yes

Way for spreading:    Digestive tract transmission

    Whats should be the Diet and Nutrition in Patients with Acute Gastroenteritis?

        Acute gastroenteritis usually manifests as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, which are often caused by unhygienic food or hot and cold stimulation.

    What are the Causes of Diarrhea (Viral gastroenteritis)?

    Pathogens are mainly transmitted through the digestive tract, mainly in infants and young children, and are often caused by group A rotavirus. 
    The peak of the disease is in autumn, so infants have autumn diarrhea. Group B rotavirus can cause diarrhea in adults.
    Clinical manifestation of Viral gastroenteritis

    What are the Clinical manifestation of Diarrhea (Viral gastroenteritis)?

    1. Common rotavirus gastroenteritis

    The incubation period is 1 to 3 days. The conditions are quite different. 
    Children with severe symptoms from 6 to 24 months of age are mostly mild or subclinical infections in older children or adults. Urgent onset, mostly vomiting and diarrhea first, with mild to moderate fever.

    Diarrhea ranges from ten to dozens of times a day. Most of the stools are watery or yellowish-green and loose stools, often accompanied by mild or moderate dehydration and metabolic poisoning
    In some cases, symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection often precede symptoms of digestive tract.

    The disease is a self-limiting disease with a course of about 1 week. However, a small number of children still have malabsorption of disaccharides, especially lactose in the short term, and diarrhea can last for several weeks, and up to several months in some cases.

    2. Adult diarrhea rotavirus gastroenteritis (Viral gastroenteritis)?

    The incubation period is 2 to 3 days. The onset is acute, with no fever or low fever, and the main symptoms are diarrhea, abdominal pain and bloating. 
    Diarrhea ranges from 3 to 10 times a day, and it is yellow water or rice soup-like stools without pus and blood. 
    Some cases were accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The course of disease is 3 to 6 days, and can even be more than 10 days.

    Viral Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Diarrhea

    What is the Treatment of Diarrhea (Viral gastroenteritis)?

    There is no specific treatment for this disease. 
    The treatment is mainly diet therapy, correction of water and electrolyte disorders and acid-base balance and symptomatic treatment.

    Author's Bio

    Doctor Shawna Reason, Virologist
    Dr. Shawna Reason
    Name: Shawna Reason

    Education: MBBS, MD

    Occupation: Medical Doctor / Virologist 

    Specialization: Medical Science, Micro Biology / Virology, Natural Treatment

    Experience: 15 Years as a Medical Practitioner

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