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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery OMFS Operations Systems and Sub Specialties

OMFS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery) Operations and Sub Specialties


Table of Content

  1. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
  2. What do Surgeons in the oral and maxillofacial systems do?
  3. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery’s major sub-specialties
  4. Main Operations
  5. Evolution

Modern surgery is so advanced that the necessary body of understanding and technical abilities has led to surgeons who are specialized in specific fields, generally in an anatomical region of the body or occasionally in a certain method or patient type.

There are 9 surgeries and this briefing deals with oral & maxillofacial operations

This specialty is unique in that it requires a twofold qualification in medicine and dentistry, an extensive general and specialist surgical training and is an internationally recognized specialty defined in Europe by the medical directives. 
Most doctors obtain dental degrees before training in medicine. However, the later taking a dental qualification and later pursuing a career in OMFS is becoming increasingly prevalent for doctors.

What do surgeons in the oral and maxillofacial systems do?

The surgical specialty of diagnosing and treating illnesses influencing the mouth, skull, face and necks is often seen as the bridge between medicine and dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery.

The specialty covers a wide range of areas such as diagnosis and management of facial injuries, head and neck, salivary gland diseases, facial differentiation, facial pain, affected teeth, cysts and jaw tumors and various oral mucosal illnesses like mouth ulcers, infections and other issues.

What are Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery’s major sub-specialties?

Surgeons can choose to train in oral and maxillofacial surgery and specialize in one or more specialized areas:

  • Surgery therapy for cancer of the head and neck: tumor removal and reconstruction, including free transfers of microvascular tissue.

  • Surgery for Craniofacial Facial Deformity -correction of congenital or obtained face defects to mainly enhance oro-facial function, but also to frequently overcome disfigurement of the face and restore the quality of life.

  • Oral and Maxillofacial - Teeth surgery, jaws, temporomandibular joints, salivary glands, facial skin lesions, etc.

  • Oral medicine-diagnosis and control of health circumstances that occur within cervical-facial structures and around them.

  • Craniofacial trauma–therapy for craniofacial smooth and difficult tissue wounds.

  • Cosmetic surgery. An operation to improve the esthetics of the face and enhance the quality of life.

Oral Surgery & Maxillofacial Surgery - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Diagramatic representation in circular form

What are the main oral and maxillofacial operations?

Several oral and maxillofacial procedures under local anesthesia or conscious sedation are carried out in an outpatient manner.
This includes the positioning of dental/facial implants before implants and removal of the affected teeth.
More significant surgeries are performed on a hospitable basis under general anesthetics, such as for salivary gland disorders, trauma, facial malformation or cancer.

  •     Facial injuries, complicated craniofacial fractures and nose, face and neck tissue injuries.
  •     Access to tumors inside the complex craniofacial anatomy and tumor ablation, including dissection of the neck cancer. Care of the head and neck.
  •    Reconstructive surgery, including the free transmission of microvascular tissue.
  •     Orthognathic surgery for facial disproportion correction.
  •     Pre-implantation surgery, including the use of implants as part of orofacial reconstruction to preserve facial or denture and bone grafting methods.
  •     The removal and complicated buried dental roots of the affected teeth.
  •    Cysts and jaw tumors must be removed.
  •  Primary and secondary surgery and other congenital facial deformities for cleft lip and palate.
  •     Managing the salivary glands ' benign and malignant lesions.
  •     Elimination and reconstruction of complicated facial tumors.
  •    Cosmetic surgery, including facial lifts, surgery with the eyelid and neck and rhinoplasty.
  •     Temporomandibular joint surgery.

Because of its nature, oral and maxillofacial surgeons are often employed in other areas, including ENT surgeons, clinical oncologists, plastic surgeons, orthodontics, restaurant dentists and radiologists, as well as neurochirurgers. 
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery


Three-dimensional anatomical radiographic displays (CT scans) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) enabled surgeons to see precise and detailed three-dimensional images of the anatomy and pathology of the head and neck of patients. 
Computer-based images can be manipulated to produce accurate models for planning surgery. 
Piloting navigation systems connected to complicated pictures enables the surgeon to view a "head-up screen" in the operating theatre.



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