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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery OMFS Operations Systems and Sub Specialties

OMFS (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery) Operations and Sub Specialties


Table of Content

  1. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
  2. What do Surgeons in the oral and maxillofacial systems do?
  3. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery’s major sub-specialties
  4. Main Operations
  5. Evolution

Modern surgery has grown to the point where the required body of knowledge and technical skills have produced surgeons who specialise in particular subjects, typically in a specific anatomical region of the body or sporadically in a particular approach or patient type.

There are nine surgeries total, and the oral and maxillofacial surgeries are covered in this briefing

This speciality is distinctive in that it calls for dual training in both medicine and dentistry, considerable general and specialised surgical training, and international recognition as a specialty as defined by medical directives in Europe.

Most doctors complete dentistry school before beginning their medical education. However, it's becoming more common for doctors to later earn a dental degree and then pursue a career in OMFS.

What do oral and Maxillofacial surgeons perform?

Oral and Maxillofacial surgery is a surgical speciality that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the mouth, skull, face, and necks.

The specialty includes a broad range of topics, including the diagnosis and treatment of facial injuries, head and neck illnesses, diseases of the salivary glands, facial differentiation, facial pain, affected teeth, cysts, and jaw tumours, as well as a number of illnesses affecting the oral mucosa, including mouth ulcers, infections, and other problems.

What are the main sub-specialties of oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Oral and maxillofacial surgery training and one or more subspecialties are options for surgeons:

  • Surgery therapy for cancer of the head and neckTumor removal and repair following surgery for head and neck cancer, with free transfers of microvascular tissue.
  • Surgery for Craniofacial Facial Deformity: Correction of inherited or acquired facial deformities, primarily to improve orofacial function, but also frequently to prevent facial deformity and improve quality of life

  • Oral and Maxillofacial: Surgery on the teeth, jaws, temporomandibular joints, salivary glands, and skin lesions on the face, among other things.

  • Oral medicine: Diagnosis and treatment of health conditions affecting the cervical-facial structures and the areas nearby.

  • Craniofacial trauma: Craniofacial trauma therapy for wounds to the smooth and challenging tissues of the skull.

  • Cosmetic procedures: A procedure to enhance one's quality of life and improve facial aesthetics.

Oral Surgery & Maxillofacial Surgery - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Diagramatic representation in circular form

What are the main procedures done on the mouth and face?

Numerous oral and maxillofacial operations are performed as outpatients under local anaesthetic or conscious sedation.

This includes removing the impacted teeth and placing dental and face implants prior to implantation.

More serious operations, such as those for cancer, trauma, malformations of the face, or diseases of the salivary glands, are occasionally carried out under general anaesthesia.


• Tissue damage to the nose, face, and neck; severe craniofacial fractures; and facial injuries.

• Ablation of malignancies, including dissection of neck cancer, and access to cancers inside the intricate craniofacial architecture. take care of your neck and head.

• Reconstructive surgery, which allows for the unrestricted transfer of microvascular tissue.

• Orthognathic surgery to treat facial disproportion.

• Pre-implantation surgery, which may involve bone grafting techniques, implants as part of orofacial reconstruction to preserve facial structure, or both.

• The complex extraction of the damaged teeth's hidden dental roots.

• Jaw tumours and cysts need to be removed.

• Cleft lip and palate surgery, including primary and secondary, as well as other congenital facial defects.

• Taking care of benign and cancerous tumours on the salivary glands.

• Reconstruction of complex facial malignancies after removal.

• Cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty, eyelid and neck surgery, and facial lifts.

• Surgery on the temporomandibular joint.


Due to their nature, oral and maxillofacial surgeons frequently work as ENT surgeons, clinical oncologists, plastic surgeons, orthodontists, restaurant dentists, radiologists, and neurosurgeons, among other specialties.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery


Surgeons were able to view precise and in-depth three-dimensional images of the anatomy and pathology of the head and neck of patients thanks to three-dimensional anatomical radiography displays (CT scans) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.

It is possible to alter computer-generated images to create precise models for surgical planning.

The surgeon can use navigation systems to control intricate images so they can be seen on a "head-up screen" in the operating room.



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