Skip to main content

Coxsackie Virus Causes Diagnosis Treatment and Prevention

Causes Diagnosis Treatment and Prevention of Coxsackie virus

Coxsackie virus is an enterovirus that is divided into 2 types, A and B. It usually spreads or spreads in summer and autumn. It is transmitted through the digestive tract, the respiratory tract, and through the bloodstream to the fetus. The virus begins to replicate in the intestinal and upper respiratory tract endothelial cells and lymphoid tissues and is transmitted by blood. Its target organs are the central nervous system, heart, vascular endothelial cells, liver, pancreas, lung, reproductive organs, skeletal muscle, skin and mucous membranes.

English name:    Coxsackie virus infection

Visiting department:    Internal medicine

Multiple groups:    Coxsackievirus A mainly affects children

Common disease:    The main target organs are meninges, heart, skin, muscles, etc.
Common locations:    The main target organs are meninges, heart, skin, muscles, etc.

Common causes:    Coxsackie virus

Common symptoms:    Runny nose, cough, sore throat, fever, rash, general malaise

Way for spreading:    Feces → mouth is the main route of transmission, and can also be transmitted through the respiratory tract
Expert interpretation:    Hand, foot and mouth disease and herpetic angina

Hand, foot and mouth disease and herpes angina are caused by enteroviruses, both are self-limiting diseases, and there is no specific treatment.

Table of Content

  1.      Cause
  2.      Clinical manifestations
  3.      Inspection
  4.      Diagnosis
  5.      Treatment
  6.      Prevention

What are the Causes of Coxsackie virus?

Coxsackie virus infects humans through faecal-oral respiratory infections, and further forms viremia. 
Any organ in the body can be affected. The main target organs are meninges, heart, skin and muscles.

Clinical manifestation

1. Coxsackie virus A infection

The incubation period is 1 to 3 days. The upper respiratory tract infection is acute, and the patient has runny nose, cough, sore throat, fever, and general discomfort. 
The typical symptoms are herpetic angina, that is, small herpes in the nasopharynx, epiglottis, tongue and soft palate, reddening and swelling of mucous membranes, hyperplasia and exudation of lymphatic follicles, tonsil enlargement, difficulty swallowing and decreased appetite. 

The rash can be herpes and maculopapular rash, which is mainly distributed on the peripheral side of the trunk, the back, and the back of the extremities. It has a centrifugal distribution. 
It is especially common on the face, fingers, toes and back, so it is called triad of hands, feet and mouth.
 Coxsackievirus A is common in children.
In addition to the above clinical manifestations, the main features are acute fever and rash.
 Meningoencephalitis is accompanied by Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome and acute viral cardiomyopathy.

Picture Diagram for Cause Diagnosis Treatment and Prevention of Coxsackie virus

2. Coxsackievirus B infection

Causes characteristic infectious thoracic rib pain, so-called Bornholm, s disease. 
It may be combined with meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, fever, hepatitis, hemolytic anemia and pneumonia.

What is the Diagnosis for Coxsackie virus?

Serological examination

Only serotypes after:
  •  When used for seroepidemiological investigation of a specific serotype.
  •  It has been found that characteristic clinical manifestations, such as epidemic chest pain, clearly indicate that certain specific antigens (such as group B virus) are used to detect antibodies. Or that hand, foot, and oral diseases are usually caused by Coxsackie A16 virus.
  •  The virus has been isolated as the serotype.
  •  When an epidemic is caused by a single serotype virus.
  • Of all the serological tests, the neutralization test is the most specific method for identifying serotypes of isolated viruses.

2. peripheral blood

Shows that the total number of white blood cells is normal or slightly increased.

3. Virus isolation method

This method is the main method of diagnosis. The advantages are savings, speed and accuracy.

What is the Diagnosis for Coxsackie virus?

1. History, symptoms (herpetic angina and infectious chest pain), signs.
2. Isolation and culture of virus, Koch virus is cultured in nasopharyngeal secretions, stool and blood.
3. Serological examination: It should be compared at the time of onset and 2 weeks, and the diagnosis can be confirmed if the antibody titer of the complement binding test is increased by 4 times. 
Immunofluorescent antibody tests can also help with diagnosis.

What is the Treatment for Coxsackie virus?

At present, there are no specific antiviral drugs, mainly symptomatic treatment.

What is the prevention for Coxsackie virus?

To strengthen prevention and isolation, especially in the summer, air disinfection of wards should be strengthened, and occult infections of medical staff should be actively treated. 
Pregnant women infected during the first trimester should be examined systematically to rule out fetal malformations. 
No effective vaccine is currently available.

Author's Bio

Doctor Shawna Reason, Virologist
Dr. Shawna Reason
Name: Shawna Reason

Education: MBBS, MD

Occupation: Medical Doctor / Virologist 

Specialization: Medical Science, Micro Biology / Virology, Natural Treatment

Experience: 15 Years as a Medical Practitioner

About Me | Linkedin | Quora Profile | Medium Profile | Twitter


Popular posts from this blog

Microbiology FAQs. Course and Journal

Microbiology (Academic Subject and Medical Department) Meaning of Microbiology : Microbiology is one of the branches of biology. It is to study the morphological structure, growth and reproduction of various micro-organisms (bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, viruses, Rickettsia, mycoplasma, chlamydia, spirochete protozoa and single-cell algae) at the molecular, cellular or population level. It is also a name of medical department that studies and applies the subject. It also studies physiological metabolism, genetic variation, ecological distribution and taxonomic evolution and other basic laws of life activities, and apply it to science in the fields of industrial fermentation, medical hygiene and bioengineering. Microbiology is a science that studies the laws of life activities and biological characteristics of various tiny organisms.   Discipline Name:     Microbiology Subject:     Biology Definition:     One of the branches of biology studying micro organisms

Ayurveda Ayurvedic Treatment Therapy Science

What is Ayurveda? Indian Ayurvedic Science and Therapy : Ayurveda is therapy, the science of life and longevity. It is an ancient Indian healing system that is widely popular around the world. It originated from the Atharva Veda in the Vedas. The Vedas is a very huge system of knowledge that is passed directly from God to great saints. The Vedas is also considered to be the manifestation of God himself. This knowledge is revealed every time it is created, so Ayurveda has an eternal relationship with God. Ayurveda's written records have a history of more than 5,000 years. It existed for thousands of years before the written records. It is the only oldest comprehensive health care system in the world, and its herbal system is still practiced to this day. This is referable as ayurvedic system. Maharshi Sushruta is said to have acquired Ayurvedic's original knowledge from the Brahma. Ayurveda's most important classics are "SushrutaSamhita", "Charak Samh

Banana Bunchy Top Virus Symptoms Prevention and Treatment

What is the harm of banana bunchy top disease? What are the symptoms? How to prevent it? Banana bunchy top disease is a devastating disease of bananas. The susceptible plants are dwarfed and do not bloom and form buds. Plants that are susceptible only at the present bud stage have few fruits and no commercial value.    The main symptom of the disease is dwarfing of the plant. New leaves are narrower, shorter, harder and straighter than one. The diseased leaves are brittle and bunched, with dense green or black stripes on the veins of intermittent and varying lengths. The pathogen is banana bunchy top virus.  The initial source of infection in the new banana planting area comes from poisonous seedlings, and the old banana area comes from diseased plants and their buds.  Long-distance transmission of the disease mainly depends on poisonous buds, and close-range transmission depends on banana cross-vessel aphid. Therefore, the peak period of disease is closely related to