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Breast Lumps Symptoms and Diagnosis


Symptoms and Diagnosis of Breast Lumps

Breast Lump Meaning: Breast lumps are a common sign of breast disease. The breasts of women are uneven, and many of the lumps that women find themselves are just the normal raised areas of the breast. These lumps will become more obvious and easier to reach before menstruation.

English Name:    Breast Lump

Treatment department:    Breast Surgery

Common morbidity:    Breast

Common Causes:    Endocrine disorders, mood, induced abortion, unreasonable diet structure, etc.

How to find and treat breast masses?

Breast masses are common with chronic cystic hyperplasia, fibroadenoma, and occasional lesions, that is, inflammation and malignancy.

Table of Content

  1.      Common diseases and symptoms
  2.      Diagnosis



What are the Common Causes of Breast Lumps?

Endocrine disorders, mood, induced abortion, unreasonable diet structure, etc.
Breast Lumps Causes Diagnosis

What are the Common Symptoms of Breast Lumps?

 Nodules of varying sizes and unclear boundaries can be pushed.
The vast majority of breast lumps found clinically are benign lesions, such as breast adenopathy, breast fibroadenoma, breast cyst, intraductal papilloma, breast duct dilatation, and breast tuberculosis. 

Symptoms or Manifestations of Breast Lumps

Breast adenopathy is also known as breast hyperplasia. In terms of the characteristics of lumps, breast adenopathy is often found at the same time or successively in multiple breasts of different sizes and unclear boundaries, which can be pushed. Breast fibroadenoma is mostly single-shot, with a clear touch, neat edges, smooth surface, and mobility. 

Breast cysts are swollen leaflets formed when breast tissue ages. The lumps are smooth and removable. Papilloma in the mammary duct often touches a soft tumor with a round texture under the areola or the edge of the areola. 

The diameter is generally 0.3 to 1 cm, and most of them are accompanied by nipple discharge. 

Mammary duct ectasia, also known as plasma cell mastitis, often begins with a lump. The edges are uneven and the surface is not smooth. Most are located deep in the areola, and the size is usually within 3cm. 

Breast tuberculosis is mostly isolated nodules at the beginning, gradually forming one to several masses, the border is not very clear, and it is easy to adhere to the skin. 

Only a few of the breast lumps are cancer, and the breast cancer lumps are mostly single nodules with irregular edges, and most of them are hard and often stick to the skin.

Understanding Breast Lumps by Diagnosis

How to Diagnose Breast Lumps?

Diagnosis for Breast Lumps: It is easier to diagnose the breast when it touches the mass. Combining breast X-ray (molybdenum target photography) and breast ultrasound, if necessary, puncture or surgical biopsy for cytological or histological diagnosis.

In recent years, due to the improvement of diagnostic equipment and the improvement of technology, the proportion of breast cancer that can not touch the mass has been increasing. 

Mammography can find microcalcifications in the breast, that is, fine sand-like calcification or needle-like calcification, which produces calcified lesions. Most of them are benign, and 1/5 - 1/4 of them are cancers, which can be diagnosed by stereotaxic biopsy. 

There are also breast cancers that do not touch the mass, with nipple discharge as the first symptom, which can be diagnosed by cytology smear or lactoscopy of the discharge. Paget's disease of the breast is also known as eczema-like breast cancer. 

The clinical manifestations are very similar to chronic eczema. The nipple is itchy or accompanied by burning pain.
The nipples and areola are red, eroded, ulcerated, crusted, crusted, desquamated, and even the nipple retracts, often accompanied by nipple discharge.
Early diagnosis should be distinguished from chronic eczema and contact dermatitis, and the diagnosis should be based on the histopathological examination of the lesion. 

Are breast cancers clinically inaccessible?

Most inflammatory breast cancers are also clinically inaccessible, the breasts are diffusely hardened and enlarged, and the local skin is red, swollen, hot, painful and resembles acute inflammation.
The difference is that there is no systemic symptoms such as chills and fever, and the white blood cell count is often In the normal range, it should be distinguished from acute mastitis. 

Another type of breast cancer with no mass is occult breast cancer. The primary lesion in the breast of this breast cancer is often very small, only 1 to 2 mm. It is difficult to find in clinical examination, but it is led by axillary lymph node metastasis. 

Symptoms, X-ray examination of the mammary gland can help to find the primary focus.

In summary, the very few people who can't feel the lump in the breast are by no means likely to develop breast cancer, and the majority of people who can't touch the lump in the breast may not be breast cancer.


What to do if breasts have lumps?

Breast is one of the body parts that every female friend cares about. The health of the breast directly affects the health of the body. So what should I do if a lump is found in the breast? What measures should be taken to protect the treatment? Let's take a look at the editor.


If you have a lump in your breast, you need to be particularly vigilant. You should go to the breast surgery department of the hospital immediately to check whether there are cancerous cells.

1. The lumps continue to enlarge without pain

2. The shape of the lump is irregular and feels sticky with the surrounding skin

3. The lump cannot move when pushed by hand

4. There is discharge of nipple

5. The areola feels itchy or faintly painful.



Which breast diseases can cause breast lumps?




1. Breast hyperplasia


The lump can occur anywhere in the breast, and can develop on one or both sides of the breast. The lump can be single or multiple.


2. Breast lobular hyperplasia


It can change from single to multiple, and can involve bilateral breasts. After menstruation, breast pain or relief, the mass also becomes soft and shrinking.


3. Breast fibroadenopathy


Breast pain is mild, may be premenstrual pain, or has nothing to do with menstruation, long-term hidden pain can be increased before menstruation, or the pain is not regular.


4. Breast fibrosis


Mostly manifested as a painless mass with unclear boundaries. And the menstrual cycle is not very obvious.


5. Cystic hyperplasia of the breast


It is an unclear and irregular hard mass, scattered scattered in the local or whole breast.


6. Breast fibroadenoma


The disease is most common in women aged 18-25 years, mostly single painless masses that are occasionally found.


7. Breast lumps caused by breast cancer


80% of breast cancer patients have breast lumps as their first symptom.


Benign breast lumps prone to occur in women of different ages

More than 60% of women have breast lumps before menopause, of which more than 90% are benign.


Which foods should I eat more if I have Breast Lumps?


1. Whole wheat products


Whole wheat including oatmeal, whole wheat biscuits, whole wheat bread, etc. Especially for pregnant women in the north, it is necessary to change the biscuits and fritters from breakfast to oatmeal, although it will be a little unaccustomed. 

Oatmeal keeps you full of energy and lowers cholesterol levels in the body. Of course, don’t buy sweet, refined cereals that are natural, without any sugar or other added ingredients. Then you can add some peanuts, raisins or honey as you like.
A small snack of whole wheat biscuits, chewing finely can very effectively relieve morning sickness reaction; whole wheat bread can provide rich iron and zinc.


2. Vegetables


 Don’t forget to add dark-colored lettuce when making western-style salads. Dark-colored vegetables often mean high vitamin content. Cabbage is a good source of calcium. You can always add such fresh vegetables to soups or dumplings. 

For spinach, some people once thought that it was rich in iron and was regarded as one of the vegetables that can prevent anemia during pregnancy. But recently experts have suggested that spinach does not contain much iron, but contains a large amount of oxalic acid that affects the absorption of zinc and calcium, so do not eat more spinach. 

Cauliflower has many benefits, it is rich in calcium and folic acid, has a lot of fiber and antioxidants to fight diseases, and also helps to absorb iron in other green vegetables.


3. Lean meat


Because lean meat is rich in iron and easily absorbed by the body. During pregnancy, the amount of blood in the pregnant woman will increase. 

To ensure adequate nutrition for the fetus, the pregnant woman’s need for iron will increase exponentially. If the iron stored in the body is insufficient, pregnant women will feel extremely tired. It is extremely important to supplement enough iron through diet, especially lean meat.


There are many reasons for breast fibroma, and the following preventive measures can be taken for breast fibroma:

1. Pay attention to the combination of work and rest. According to this point, intellectual women should pay special attention to the combination of work and rest. In addition, insisting on breastfeeding can reduce the incidence, because breastfeeding can reduce the incidence of breast fibroids, can also reduce the number of miscarriages, and can also reduce the incidence.

2. Maintain emotional stability and reduce mental stimulation. According to statistics, 85% of patients with breast fibroma have unhealthy mood changes before the disease. Mental stimulation can cause elevated estrogen levels and endocrine disorders in the body.

3. The solution of traditional Ayurvedic medicine is the main solution at present, and it has been clinically proven that the solution of traditional Ayurvedic Herbal medicine is very good.

Once a breast problem occurs, it must be treated as soon as possible. It is related to the health of the female body. Hope that the editor's introduction today can help everyone.
 
 
Author's Bio

Doctor Shawna Reason, Virologist
Dr. Shawna Reason
Name: Shawna Reason

Education: MBBS, MD

Occupation: Medical Doctor / Virologist 

Specialization: Medical Science, Micro Biology / Virology, Natural Treatment

Experience: 15 Years as a Medical Practitioner

About Me | Linkedin | Quora Profile | Medium Profile | Twitter

 

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